Friday, September 24, 2010

Basics of Color theory

Painting in general terms means applying colors and creating drawings that can be abstract,naturalistic and representational or photographic to express the painter's mood and thoughts.

But,what you think is the best part of painting?

For me, it is that painting does not require any specific medium,one can paint on canvas,walls,glass,fabric or wood,depending on the mood,level of experty and requirement of the painter.

I love playing with colors on glass and fabric,but for all of you who are interested in glass paintings,here I come to share my expertise with you and of course learn more from you.

I am not really aware of the exact origin of the glass paintings but I am sure about the fact that glass paintings give the dazzling and ethereal effect.Not taking much of your time, I will tell you the techniques of glass painting that I would like to share with you:

  • Stained glass
  • Use of crystalline colors
  • Painting on frosted glass
  • Mosaic work
  • Embossed etching
  • Crystal etching
But all step by step.

Color Theory:

Can we use something of which we are not aware of or don't have sufficent knowledge about?

Same goes for colors,many of you might be thinking that what and why do we need to know about colors as that is something that even a toodler can use.So the answer is that we need to know about the categories of colors so we can use them more efficiently.

According to the color theory,colors are categorized into:
  • Primary colors
  • Secondary colors
  • Teritary colors
Primary colors:

Red,blue and yellow are primary colors and these can not be obtained by color mixing technique.The following color wheel will be a great help in remembering primary colors.

Primary colors

Secondary colors:
When the primary colors(red,blue and yellow) are mixed with each other,what we get are secondary colors.Consider for instance,the following color mixings:

  • On mixing red and blue we get purple,

  • On mixing red and yellow we get orange,and

  • Mixing of yellow and blue gives us green.
So,purple,orange and green are secondary colors,how ever shade of each may vary depending on the quantity and shade of each of primary color used.The following color wheel describes the secondary colors.

Teritary colors:

These are wide range of colors we get by the combination of primary and secondary colors,like:

  • To get lovely turquoise blue,mix three parts blue with one part green.

  • To get brown,mix yellow and purple.
The color wheel for teritary colors is:


  1. To make the color more opaque,mix few drops of white to it. 

  2. The colors white and black are not part of the color theory,they cannot be made by mixing of colors with each other,but these can be used for making the shades of colors lighter or darker.
In short,don't worry if you don't have lots of colors with you,just be motivated and have loads of fun using three primary colors,black and white.Experiment with the color mixing to get beautiful stained glass projects done by you.The following color triangle will be helpful in understanding the color mixing of two colors:

Color theory basics -- color theory triangle

AY3GZE55ZAGA the claim.

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